7 Common Neurological Sleep Disorders That People Often Encounter Today

Do you or a loved one struggle to fall asleep and remain asleep? The most prevalent common neurological sleep disorders that people face today are listed below.

According to the American Sleep Association, 50 to 70 million adults in the United States suffer from sleep problems. Frequently, these problems are disregarded for too long before they are addressed.

If you believe you have a sleep problem, talk to your doctor. A neurologist might be able to recommend you. Continue reading to learn about the most frequent neurological sleep disorders people face today.

What are Neurological Sleep Disorders?

Neurological sleep disorders affect the nervous system and disrupt a person’s ability to sleep. These disorders can cause problems with falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. Other underlying medical conditions cause some neurological sleep disorders. There are many different neurological sleep disorders, each with its own set of symptoms. For example, sleep apnea is often caused by obesity. Other diseases, such as restless leg syndrome, can run in families. There are many different treatment options available for neurological sleep disorders.

Most Common Neurological Sleep Disorders

Below are seven of the most common neurological sleep disorders that people face today:

  • Insomnia: 

This is the most common sleep disorder, affecting 30% of adults in the United States. People with insomnia have difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. Insomnia can be caused by stress, anxiety, depression, or other underlying medical conditions. Treatments for insomnia include behavioral therapy, medication, and making lifestyle changes.

  • Sleep Apnea: 

Pauses in breathing during sleep characterise this sleep disorder. These pauses can last for a few seconds or minutes and occur several times per night. Sleep apnea is often caused by obesity, but other underlying medical conditions can also cause it. People with sleep apnea often snore loudly. Treatment for sleep apnea includes lifestyle changes, weight loss, and a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine.

  • Restless Leg Syndrome: 

This disorder is characterized by an irresistible urge to move the legs, often accompanied by a tingling or crawling sensation. Restless leg syndrome can make it difficult to fall asleep and stay asleep. It is usually worse in the evening or at night. Treatment for restless leg syndrome includes lifestyle changes, medications, and iron supplements.

  • Narcolepsy: 

This is a rare sleep disorder that affects the ability to control sleep and wakefulness. People with narcolepsy often have sudden and uncontrollable episodes of falling asleep during the day. Narcolepsy can be caused by other underlying medical conditions, such as sleep apnea. Treatment for narcolepsy includes medications and lifestyle changes.

  • Periodic Limb Movement Disorder: 

Involuntary movements of the legs characterize this disorder during sleep. These movements can wake a person up and make it difficult to fall asleep. Periodic limb movement disorder is often caused by other underlying medical conditions, such as restless leg syndrome. Treatment for rare limb movement disorder includes medications and lifestyle changes.

  • Night Terrors: 

Episodes of fear or terror characterize this sleep disorder during sleep. Night terrors often happen in children, but they can also occur in adults. People with night terrors may scream, thrash around, or have a racing heart. Night terrors are not the same as nightmares. Treatment for night terrors typically is not necessary.

  • Sleepwalking: 

This disorder is characterized by episodes of walking or performing other activities while asleep. Sleepwalking often happens in children, but it can also occur in adults. People with sleepwalking may not remember the episode afterward. Treatment for sleepwalking typically is not necessary.

Talk to your doctor if you think you may have a neurological sleep disorder. They can help you make a diagnosis and develop a treatment plan.


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